Bleeding gums are not normal. For many patients bleeding gums are a sign of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that infects the gums and when left untreated can spread to the bloodstream. If your gums bleed when brushing or flossing your teeth it is important to have this dental concern addressed by Philadelphia, PA dentist Dr. David Weinstock as soon as possible.
The Importance of Gum Health
Healthy gums are essential to maintaining the health and integrity of your smile. Healthy gums help keep teeth stable and properly aligned. Infected gums are susceptible to gum recession, which can lead to tooth decay, tooth loss and even shifting of the alignment of your teeth.
Patients with advanced stages of gum disease are also at a higher risk of developing systemic diseases. Inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes are all linked to gum disease.
Progression of periodontal disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. It is an inflammatory disease that results in the destruction of tooth-supporting bone. The gum inflammation is caused mainly by the accumulation of bacterial plaque below the gum line.
When not removed, bacterial irritants and toxins cause the gums to become inflamed and tender. The tooth-supporting bone responds to this inflammation by simply melting away. Left untreated, the resulting bone loss will leave behind pockets of gum around the affected teeth. These pockets will harbor still more plaque, bacteria, and tartar in an area that is inaccessible to the patient. The progress of the disease will usually accelerate. Periodontal disease is often painless in its early and moderate stages.
Risk Factors Of Periodontal Disease
- Lifestyle and dietary habits
- Tobacco use
- Medical conditions
- Certain medications
Stages of Gum Disease
Gum disease is a progressive condition. There are three main phases of the disease. Gum disease is best treated if diagnosed in the earliest stages.
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. During this stage patients may notice bleeding, swelling or tenderness in the gums. When diagnosed as gingivitis, a deep cleaning may be all they need to heal their gums.
- Periodontists: As plaque continues to form around the tooth, deep pockets begin developing in the gums creating ideal breeding grounds for bacteria.
- Advanced Periodontists: If left untreated, periodontists will begin to cause the gum line to recede and may begin to deteriorate the surrounding bone structure. Without substantial bone structure, teeth may shift or fall out and the jaw line may begin to recede.
Treatment for Bleeding Gums
To stop bleeding gums, Dr. Weinstock must address the cause of the problem. Our Philadelphia, PA dentist office provides scaling and root planing for the treatment of periodontal disease. Scaling and root planing cleans the gums and teeth of infection so that they can properly heal.
Dr. Weinstock will polish the tooth surface and thoroughly clean the roots and the surrounding tissues. This treatment will establish the healthy environment necessary for healing. For many patients Scaling and Root Planing is the only procedure necessary to restore health and function to your gums. However, in more advanced cases additional treatments may be necessary to eliminate periodontal pockets through surgical intervention. For your comfort, a local anesthetic can be used during the procedure.
If you have any questions about how scaling and root planning can help you preserve your beautiful smile, please ask the doctor or hygienist.
Choosing Periodontist Dr. Weinstock
Dr. Weinstock is dedicated to providing state of the art periodontal therapy to patients in the Philadelphia, PA region. If your gums are bleeding, swollen, or you notice any changes in the fit of your bite or oral appliance, contact our Philadelphia PA dentist office or schedule a consultation online.